Alternative Journalism in Madrid’s Blues Scene
Keywords:blues, music scene, music journalism, alternative blues-journalism, Madrid
AbstractThis article discusses how the blues music scene in Madrid (Spain) produces its own media and communication networks, based on the genre’s traditional and current development, in contrast to the lack of attention from mainstream media. Focusing on three key alternative blues-journalists whose activities relate to different periods, I trace the evolution of their practices in relationship to the scene. Overall, they have shifted from a more individual, discursive construction of the genre and the scene to the collective development of associative endeavours like the “Madrid Blues Society”. I argue that in the contemporary context, where conventional media fail to provide a music press apparatus to the scene, the contributions of alternative blues-journalists, who vocationally commit to blues dissemination for long periods, provide a community sharing practice for scene participants, contributing to the scene’s reproduction and gradually developing a higher self-consciousness that adapts to its dynamics.
Appadurai, A. 1998. Modernity at Large. Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minneapolis and London: University of Minnesota Press.
Atton, C. ─
Alternative Media. London: Sage Publications.
“What is ‘Alternative’ Journalism?” Journalism, 4 (3): 267-272 http://ruconnected.ru.ac.za/pluginfile.php/152128/mod_resource/content/0/What_is_alternative_journalism.pdf
“Popular Music Fanzines: Genre, Aesthetics, and the ‘Democratic
Conversation’”. Popular Music and Society, 33 (4): 517-531. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03007761003694316
Atton, C. and Hamilton, J. 2008. Alternative Journalism. London: Sage Publications.
Banfield, W. 2010. Cultural Codes: Makings of a Black Music Philosophy. An Interpretive History from Spirituals to Hip Hop. Langham: The Scarecrow Press Inc.
Becker, H. 2004. “Jazz Places”. In Bennett, A. and Peterson, R. Ed. Music Scenes: Local, Translocal, and Virtual. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press: 17-27.
Bennett, A. 2004. “Consolidating the Music Scenes Perspective”. Science Direct
https://www.sfu.ca/cmns/courses/2011/488/1-Readings/Bennett%20Consolidating%20Music%20Schenes.pdf. Accessed: 19 February 2013.
Bennett, A. and Hodkinson, P. Eds 2012. Ageing and Youth Cultures: Music, Style and Identity. London and New York: Berg.
Bennett, A. and Peterson, R. Eds. 2004. Music Scenes: Local, Translocal, and Virtual. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.
Downing, J. 1984. Radical Media: The Political Exprience of Alternative Communication. Boston, Mass.: South End Press.
Duncombe, S. 1997. Zines and the Politics of Alternative Culture. London and New York: Verso.
Fouce, H. 2006. El Futuro Ya Está Aquí. Música Pop y Cambio Cultural. Madrid: Velecio Editores.
Gilroy, P. 2002. The Black Atlantic. Modernity and Double Consciousness. London and New York: Verso.
Goñi, Ñ. ─
blueslink: Blues con los Colegas Vol.I (2006). Madrid: Moco de Pavo
Sleeve Notes and blueslink. Blues con los Colegas Vol. II, Madrid: Armonet.
Hackett, R. and Carroll, W. 2006. Remaking Media: The Struggle to Democratize Public Communication. New York and London: Routledge.
Herzhaft, G. 2003. La Gran Enciclopedia del Blues. Barcelona: Ediciones Robinbook.
Jones, L. (Baraka, A.) ─
Blues People. Negro Music in White America. New York: Harper Perennial, Inc.
Black Music. New York: Akashi Classics Renegade Reprint Series.
Keil, C. 1991. Urban Blues. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press.
Kruse, H. 2010. “Local Identity and Independent Music Scenes, Online and Off”. Popular Music and Society, 33 (5): 625-639.
Lomax, A. 1993. The Land Where the Blues Began. New York: The New Press.
Marcos, C. 2011. “Madrid ‘blues’”. El País, 12 January.
http://elpais.com/diario/2011/01/12/madrid/1294835072_850215.html Accessed: 16 December 2014.
Murray, A. 1976. Stomping the Blues. New York: Da Capo Press.
Oliver, P. 1990. Blues Fell This Morning. Meaning in the Blues. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Palmer, R. 1982. Deep Blues. A Musical and Cultural History, from the Mississippi Delta to Chicago’s Southside to the World. New York: Penguin Books.
Raphael-Hernandez, H. Ed. 2004. Blackening Europe. The African American Presence. New York and London: Routledge.
Rodríguez, C. 2001. Fissures in the Mediascape. An International Study of Citizens’ Media. Cresskill, NJ: Hampton Press.
Shack, W. 2001. Harlem in Montmartre: A Paris Jazz Story between the Great Wars. California: University of California Press.
Shank, B. 1994. Dissonant Identities: The Rock ‘n’ Roll Scene in Austin, Texas. New England: Wesleyan University Press.
Solo Blues. Summer, 1985a, Nº1. Madrid: self-produced.
Solo Blues. Autumn, 1985b, Nº2. Madrid: self-produced.
Wynn, N. Ed. 2007. Cross Water Blues. African American Music in Europe. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.
Authors retain copyright, while licensing their work under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License.